Author Topic: Acids and bases  (Read 3664 times)

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Acids and bases
« on: April 17, 2017, 10:39:30 AM »
An Arrhenius acid is therefore any substance that ionizes when it dissolves in water to give the H +, or hydrogen, ion.
An Arrhenius base is any substance that gives the OH -, or hydroxide, ion when it dissolves in water.
An Arrhenius base is any substance that gives the OH- , or hydroxide, ion when it dissolves in water.

Arrhenius acids include compounds such as HCl, HCN, and H2 SO 4 that ionize in water to give the H+ ion. Arrhenius bases include ionic compounds that contain the OH - ion, such as NaOH, KOH, and Ca(OH) 2.

Properties of Acids and Bases According to Boyle
In 1661 Robert Boyle summarized the properties of acids as follows.
1. Acids have a sour taste.
2. Acids are corrosive.
3. Acids change the color of certain vegetable dyes, such as litmus, from blue to red.
4. Acids lose their acidity when they are combined with alkalies.
« Last Edit: April 17, 2017, 10:43:47 AM by Pengician »

 

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